Art Movement Posters by Outmane Amahou
To track all directions in the history of art can be very difficult matter. We know that post-impressionism was preceded by Impressionism, but what Fauvism and Futurism looks like? And how different are the styles? Fortunately Outmane Amahou, Moroccan France-based Graphic Designer has created a perfect series of posters to help us remember the basic art styles. He called the series “Minimalist Art Movement Posters». For each poster he uses a single image: silhouettes on a bright solid color background perfectly capture the essence of the many areas of art history.
Cubism – the modernist trend in art, especially in painting, which originated at the beginning of the XX century in France and characterized by using stressed Geometrized conventional forms, the desire to “crush” the real objects on the stereometric primitives.
Dadaism. In the visual arts the most common form of creativity was Dadaist collage – technical acceptance of arranged creation in a certain way and glued on a flat substrate (canvas, cardboard, paper) pieces of a variety of materials: paper, fabric and so on. In Dadaism there are three branches of collage: Zurich “random” collage, collage and demonstrative Berlin Cologne-Hanover poetic collage.
De Stijl art allows only primary colors and non-colors, only squares and rectangles, only traight and horizontal or vertical line combined with a strong asymmetricality; the predominant use of pure primary colors with black and white; and the relationship between positive and negative elements in an arrangement of non-objective forms and lines.
Fauvism painting is characterized by bright colors and simplistic form. The direction did not last long – about 1898 to 1908. Inspires of the Fauves were the post-impressionists, Van Gogh and Gauguin, who preferred subjective intense color to soft and natural color, inherent by Impressionists. The head of the school is considered to be Matisse, who has accomplished a complete break with the optical color. In his picture female nose could well be green, if it gave her expression and composition. Matisse stated, “I do not draw women; I paint pictures”.
Futurism. In the visual arts Futurism repelled by Fauvism, borrowing its color and from Cubism, from which it took the art form, but rejected the root analysis (decomposition) as an expression of the essence of phenomena and sought to direct emotional expression of the dynamics of the modern world.
Kinetic art. Kineticism is based on the idea that with the help of light and movement a work of art can be created. Objects are moving installations producing when moving interesting combination of light and shadow, sometimes sounding.
Minimalism. Minimal art typically includes geometric shapes, purified from all the symbolism and metaphor, repeatability, monochrome, neutral surface, industrial materials and method of manufacture. Minimal artists are considered: Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Sol LeWitt, Donald Judd, Robert Morris, and sometimes it is referred to the Frank Stella.
Neorealism – new realism, art direction of postwar Italy, most clearly manifested itself in the film and the visual arts, and partly in the literature. Masters of Neorealism: Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Flour, Ernesto Trekkani, Giuseppe Dzigayno Armando Pitstsinato Boris Taslitsky, Andre Fougeron, Diego Rivera, Leopoldo Mendez.
Optical Art – Art of the second half of the XX century, using a variety of optical illusions based on the features of the perception of plane and solid figures.
Post-Impressionism artists – Paul Cézanne (1839–1906), Odilon Redon (1840–1916), Henri Rousseau (1844-1910), Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890), Charles Angrand (1854–1926), Georges Lemmen (1865-1916), Henri-Edmond Cross (1856–1910), Georges Seurat (1859–1891), Théo van Rysselberghe (1862–1926), Paul Signac (1863–1935), Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864–1901), Paul Sérusier (1864–1927), Paul Ranson (1864–1909), Émile Bernard (1868-1941), Félix Vallotton (1865–1925), Édouard Vuillard (1868–1940), Pierre Bonnard (1867–1947), Maximilien Luce, (1858–1941), Robert Antoine Pinchon (1886–1943), René Schützenberger (1860-1916)
Renaissance artists, drawing pictures of traditional religious subjects, began to use the new artistic techniques: the construction of the bulk composition, the use of landscape as an element of the story in the background.
Surrealism. One of the greatest representatives of surrealism in painting became Salvador Dali, Max Ernst and René Magritte. Somehow Dali said: “Surrealism – it’s me!” And appointed Ernst Fuchs his “successor in the world”, thus passing informally lineage fantastic realism and styles stemming from it, such as, for example, Visionary art.
Abstract art – the direction of not figurative art, refusing to approximate to reality in painting and sculpture. One of the goals of abstract art – to achieve “harmonization”, the creation of specific color combinations and geometric shapes to cause the viewer various associations, although some pictures look like a simple dot in the middle of the canvas. Founders: Wassily Kandinsky, Kasimir Malevich, Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, Piet Mondrian.
Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s. Although the term “abstract expressionism” was first applied to American art, it had been first used in Germany in 1919 in the magazine Der Sturm, regarding German Expressionism. In the United States, Alfred Barr was the first to use this term in 1929 in relation to works by Wassily Kandinsky.
Expressionism – August Macke, Marianne Verevkina, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Egon Schiele, Alexei Jawlensky. “The Scream” by the Norwegian artist Edvard Munch (1893) – a kind of showcase of art expressionism