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Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses. A couple in traditional embroidered costumes

A Hungarian couple in traditional embroidered costumes. Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses
First of all, any folk art closely connected with life, the nature and the history of each people. And the stunning national Hungarian embroidery is certain recognizability, brightness of colors and variety. Meanwhile, each region of Hungary embroiderers bring their own characteristics to it. There are two types of this embroidery – matyo and kalocsi. Matyo is characterized by a black background on which embroideresses embroider with bright silk threads bright floral patterns. The matyo embroidery is easy to recognize by a large rose located in the center of the picture, around which smaller embroidered motifs, each of which has its own significance. In addition, the colors of embroidery bear special significance. In particular, yellow means sun, black – the strength of the earth, blue – sadness, green – mourning. However, in Kalocsi embroidery – the predominance of natural motifs. Initially, the craftswomen used only white thread for this embroidery, but gradually they added other colors. By the way, now there are 27 colors. The basis is white flax. Besides, each color has its own meaning: red – youth, flowering, yellow – the sun, and a combination of blue and violet – mourning.

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

A heart – ornamental part of Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Noteworthy, Matyo is the oldest styles of embroidery, formed in Hungary. According to legend, even during the Turkish yoke (XVI-XVII century), the girl saved her lover from captivity. The Turkish sultan demanded an unusual ransom for the young man – an apron full of roses, during the winter. And the resourceful girl has embroidered her apron with flowers.

The widened aprons – Shurts, are an important detail of both the female and the male costume of Matyo. Each self-respecting girl or young man before the wedding had to prepare for himself a dowry of seven aprons. However, the poorest could have two. Served as a subject for engagement – the girl gave her apron to the chosen one at the feast, and the young man threw his apron at night to the window of the bride. Meanwhile, later the wedding shurts had a magical meaning. In particular, people believed that this item could have miracle properties. Among them – calming the crying baby and even the most capricious kid instantly fall asleep under such a “blanket”.

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

sources
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