Art Kaleidoscope

Between art and craft

Russian folk wooden toys

Set 'Trinity-Sergius Lavra'. SN Moyunov and NV Petrov, Sergiev Posad, 2001 Wood, painting, metal

Set ‘Trinity-Sergius Lavra’. SN Moyunov and NV Petrov, Sergiev Posad, 2001 Wood, painting, metal

Russian folk wooden toys have been known since ancient times. They are inextricably linked to cultural, folkloric and household characteristics of the corresponding historical period and the region of their production. Archaeologists have discovered evidence that wooden toys were still in East Slavic tribes in the IX century BC However, confirmation of this can only be found in historical documents, samples of toys almost did not survive due to the peculiarities of wood as a material. Even the works of the masters of the XVIII century reached the present in very small quantities. In museums and collections are mainly represented by toys from the XIX century.

The composition with the movement 'For Easter'. S.A. Pautov. Bogorodskoe. 2001 Wood Carving

Russian folk wooden toys. The composition with the movement ‘For Easter’. S.A. Pautov. Bogorodskoe. 2001 Wood Carving

'Moss people' toys 'Mokhoviki', late XIX century, Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

‘Moss people’ toys ‘Mokhoviki’, late XIX century, Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

'Moss people' toys were enthusiastically received at the Paris Exhibition in 1890

‘Moss people’ toys were enthusiastically received at the Paris Exhibition in 1890

Since the wooden toy is inextricably linked to the forest, the figures are mostly in the form of forest dwellers. It’s a bird, animal or fictional characters of folklore – “Mokhoviki” (Moss people) depicting lumberjacks or old women with fagots on the back. ‘Moss people’ toys were enthusiastically received at the Paris Exhibition in 1890.

Russian folk wooden toys

Russian style Wooden figurine ‘Nutcracker’, handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished

Russian style Wooden figurines made by a craftswoman Anna are always colorful and bright. These toys are very popular with children. Anna’s crafts teach kids that beautiful toys is not only beauty, but also the history of our people. The master continues the tradition of painting on wood.

Russian folk wooden toys

Russian style Wooden figurine ‘Priest’, handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished

Russian folk wooden toys

Russian style Wooden figurines, handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished

Russian folk wooden toys

Russian style Wooden figurines’, handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished

Russian folk wooden toys

Russian folk wooden toys, handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master - Anna, Sergiev Posad

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master – Anna, Sergiev Posad

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master - Anna, Sergiev Posad

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master – Anna, Sergiev Posad

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master - Anna, Sergiev Posad

Russian folk wooden toys handmade, carved from linden, painted with paints and varnished. Master – Anna, Sergiev Posad

With the development of industry and the invention of plastic, wooden toys gradually receded into the background. They were replaced by bright and light plastic dolls, cubes and pyramids. For a long time wooden toys were just souvenirs, not directly intended for the game. Recently, due to the increased attention to environmental products for children, wooden toys again gaining former popularity. In addition, according to psychologists, simple and even primitive form of wooden toys have a better impact on the child than plastic toys with lots of small details.

Museum of wooden toy. Chusovoi, Perm region

Museum of wooden toy. Chusovoi, Perm region

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