Uzbek ceramic art
Uzbek ceramic art – one of the most unique and oldest types of handmade crafts introducing the culture and traditions of Uzbekistan. Talented craftsmen have brought ceramics to the level of art. Traditional centers of pottery, having preserved through centuries the traditions and secrets are considered Gijduvan, Khiva, Samarkand, Gurumsay, Tashkent, Khorezm, Urgut and Karshi. In Uzbekistan, pottery art synthesized nomadic and farming culture, preserving the identity of the Uzbek people. Basically masters produced dining and household utensils.
Uzbek crockery is divided into a cup-shaped (kosa) and pitcher-shaped (kuza). This separation is due to specialization of masters. Kosa potters produced bowls, lagans, tavok, togora, Badia, etc.; kuza masters produced pots of various shapes, capacity, destination. According to high technological and artistic qualities in the late XIX – early XX century, leading role, of course, took Rishtan ceramics. Rishtan masters developed their own style of painting, imbued with lyricism.
Artistic originality is characteristic to other ceramic centers: Vardanzi, Gijduvan, Kattakurgan, Madyra, Shahrisabz, Tashkent. In the 1960s, there has been a flourishing of local ceramic schools represented by masters of bright creative individuality.