Art Kaleidoscope

Between art and craft

Category Archive: Code

Pure Soul of Russian lubok

Pure Soul of Russian lubok

Mother of God. Pure Soul of Russian lubok

Pure Soul of Russian lubok
Often found in the spiritual literature of XVII-XVIII centuries, the plot of “Pure Soul” goes back to the “Parable of the soul of the righteous”. In the parable of the Immaculate Virgin (on this subject even painted icons) – a symbol of purity and righteousness. “Decorated” with all the virtues,” she stands above the sun and the moon under Her feet.” Dragon, sun, moon, stars, eagle wings behind the back – everything sends the viewer right to Revelation (“And there appeared a great wonder in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars … And the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place on the face of the serpent, and where she is nourished for a time, times and half a time “(Rev., XII).
More »

Katsushika Hokusai code

The Great Wave off Kanagawa Katsushika Hokusai code

The Great Wave off Kanagawa. Katsushika Hokusai code

Katsushika Hokusai code naturally meets the main principle of the Far Eastern philosophy: all things are born from the interaction of two opposing forces of cosmic order yin and yang. Yang – masculine, active, bright start; Yin – feminine, passive, dark. The Great Wave off Kanagawa depicts the moment of complete triumph of the feminine, a prisoner in a giant wave, ready to absorb the boat of fishermen. But in the view of the Japanese, none of the forces can fully take precedence over the other, and at exact moment when the victory of one of them seems to be imminent, the pendulum begins to move in the opposite direction. So that efforts of the rowers are not in vain. Victory as a pledge of defeat.
More »

Magnificent Book of Hours of Duc de Berry

Page 60. Magnificent Book of Hours of Duc de Berry

Page 60. Magnificent Book of Hours of Duc de Berry

Magnificent Book of Hours of Duc de Berry
The Limbourg brothers – Herman, Paul, and Johan were French painters, miniaturists, native of Nijmegen, the Northern Netherlands. They became famous thanks to the creation of “The Magnificent Book of Hours of Duc de Berry” (Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry). The Book of Hours is one of the most beautiful books in the history of world culture. The manuscript was launched by Limburg brothers between 1409 to 1416. The text itself, uppercase letters, decorations and gilding, most likely made ​​by other mastrers. The Limbourg brothers did not finish the book. According to some reports, they died in 1416 of the plague. Of 129 miniatures of the manuscript during the life of the Limburg brothers were performed 65.
More »

American Gothic inspiration

American Gothic inspiration

American Gothic inspiration

American Gothic inspiration. After the appearance of the iconic image in newspapers, the public reaction was tough. One farmer even threatened to bite the artist’s ear. “American Gothic» – a famous 1930 painting by American artist Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942). One of the most recognizable images in American art of the XX century, along with the “Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci and “The Scream” by Edvard Munch, and, concurrently, the source of huge amount of projections, legends, parodies, famous art meme of the XX and XXI centuries. In Russia, oddly enough, it is not as popular as worldwide.
More »

Las Meninas reality and illusion

'Las Meninas'. Spanish painter Diego Velazquez, 1656

‘Las Meninas’. Spanish painter Diego Velazquez, 1656

Las Meninas reality and illusion. Las Meninas, or “The Maids of Honor” by Spanish painter Diego Velazquez is unique both as the product of master, and as the first image of the hidden life of the court. Court painter of King Philip IV – Diego Velazquez finished working on the painting “Las Meninas” in 1656. Art critics still argue what scene is depicted by the artist, raising questions about reality and illusion. Some of them state that the painting has no general plot and is a bit of instant photography. Much more common are two other points of view. According to the first, Velazquez painted the portrait of the time of the Spanish king and queen, when their daughter entered the studio – Infanta Margarita. The other version – the Infanta herself was a model of the artist, and her parents came to visit their daughter. There are philosophical interpretations, e.g. in the look of the artist is seen a devotional respect for his crowned lord.
More »

Symbols encrypted in Sistine Madonna

Symbols encrypted in Sistine Madonna. La Madonna di San Sisto, painting by the Italian artist Raphael. 1512

La Madonna di San Sisto, painting by the Italian artist Raphael. 1512

Symbols encrypted in Sistine Madonna. In the painting the Madonna, holding the Christ Child and flanked by Saint Sixtus and Saint Barbara, stands on clouds before dozens of obscured cherubs, while two distinctive winged cherubs rest on their elbows beneath her. “The genius of pure beauty” – said about the “Sistine Madonna” Vasily Zhukovsky. Pushkin later borrowed this image and devoted it to his earthly woman – Anna Kern. Rafael also painted the Madonna from a real person, probably his own mistress.
More »

Mona Lisa medical diagnosis

Mona Lisa medical diagnosis

Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci

According to some specialists (physicians, dentists, surgeons, ophthalmologists) – Mona Lisa medical diagnosis includes strabismus, hemiatrophy, discrepancy, congenital idiocy, diseases of the spine, excess of cholesterol in the blood, alopecia, lack of teeth. On the “Mona Lisa” or “Portrait of Mrs. Lisa del Giocondo,” Leonardo da Vinci allegedly worked 16 years, from 1503 to 1519. Some experts believe that the painting remained unfinished. According to the most popular version, it captures Lisa Gherardini – the third wife of Francesco del Giocondo, a cloth merchant from Florence.
More »