Art Kaleidoscope

Between art and craft

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses. A couple in traditional embroidered costumes

A Hungarian couple in traditional embroidered costumes. Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses
First of all, any folk art closely connected with life, the nature and the history of each people. And the stunning national Hungarian embroidery is certain recognizability, brightness of colors and variety. Meanwhile, each region of Hungary embroiderers bring their own characteristics to it. There are two types of this embroidery – matyo and kalocsi. Matyo is characterized by a black background on which embroideresses embroider with bright silk threads bright floral patterns. The matyo embroidery is easy to recognize by a large rose located in the center of the picture, around which smaller embroidered motifs, each of which has its own significance. In addition, the colors of embroidery bear special significance. In particular, yellow means sun, black – the strength of the earth, blue – sadness, green – mourning. However, in Kalocsi embroidery – the predominance of natural motifs. Initially, the craftswomen used only white thread for this embroidery, but gradually they added other colors. By the way, now there are 27 colors. The basis is white flax. Besides, each color has its own meaning: red – youth, flowering, yellow – the sun, and a combination of blue and violet – mourning.

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

A heart – ornamental part of Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Noteworthy, Matyo is the oldest styles of embroidery, formed in Hungary. According to legend, even during the Turkish yoke (XVI-XVII century), the girl saved her lover from captivity. The Turkish sultan demanded an unusual ransom for the young man – an apron full of roses, during the winter. And the resourceful girl has embroidered her apron with flowers.

The widened aprons – Shurts, are an important detail of both the female and the male costume of Matyo. Each self-respecting girl or young man before the wedding had to prepare for himself a dowry of seven aprons. However, the poorest could have two. Served as a subject for engagement – the girl gave her apron to the chosen one at the feast, and the young man threw his apron at night to the window of the bride. Meanwhile, later the wedding shurts had a magical meaning. In particular, people believed that this item could have miracle properties. Among them – calming the crying baby and even the most capricious kid instantly fall asleep under such a “blanket”.

Hungarian folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

A girl in traditional Kalocsa embroidery

A girl in traditional Kalocsa embroidery

A hand embroidered pattern

A hand embroidered pattern

An aged lady emroidering a large carpet

An aged lady emroidering a large carpet

An apron hand embroidered, Kalocsa

An apron hand embroidered, Kalocsa

Apron. Hungary, the last quarter of the 19th century. Materials - silk, metal, linen, glass. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Apron. Hungary, the last quarter of the 19th century. Materials – silk, metal, linen, glass. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Beautiful folk embroidery

Beautiful folk embroidery

Bright colors of folk embroidery

Bright colors of folk embroidery

Closeup - colorful folk embroidery

Closeup – colorful folk embroidery

Colorful folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Colorful folk art embroidery Matyo Roses

Detail of Apron. Hungary, the last quarter of the 19th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Detail of Apron. Hungary, the last quarter of the 19th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Exquisite Kalocsa embroidery

Exquisite Kalocsa embroidery

Fragment of Silk thread embroidery

Fragment of Silk thread embroidery

Gorgeous vest, Kalocsa embroidery

Gorgeous vest, Kalocsa embroidery

Hand embroidery beautiful art

Hand embroidery beautiful art

Kalocsa embroidered napkin

Kalocsa embroidered napkin

National folk costumes in Hungary

National folk costumes in Hungary

Patterns of folk art embroidery Matyo

Patterns of folk art embroidery Matyo

Scanned from the book

Scanned from the book

Shawl, Kalocsa embroidery

Shawl, Kalocsa embroidery

Silk thread embroidery

Silk thread embroidery

Stunningly beautiful folk embroidery

Stunningly beautiful folk embroidery

The book on the Hungarian folk embroidery

The book on the Hungarian folk embroidery

Three crafts women

Three crafts women

Traditional Hungarian folk art embroidery

Traditional Hungarian folk art embroidery

Vest, Hungarian folk embroidery

Vest, Hungarian folk embroidery

sources
livemaster.ru/topic/367215
public group vk.com/club77402978